Mature female chicken usually more than 11 to 12 months, with meat comparatively less tender than roaster having non-flexible chest bone.
The act of coming forth (out) young one from egg is known as hatching.
Warming of eggs at certain temperature with specified humidity, ventilation and turning is called as incubation.
The duration between setting of egg for incubation and hatching. Layer
The adult female chicken reared for producing eggs for domestic consumption.
The human factor in the production process which delimits production, accumulates information on their solution, analyses information, takes decisions, acts on them and bears responsibilities for action.
Collection of semen in poultry by applying external massage to testes. Moulting
The natural and normal physiological process of shedding of old feathers and growing new ones annually in poultry.
Literally means waste, and usually means, the non-edible parts of gut not sold as giblets plus the head and feet.
The study_ of science of birds other than poultry is known as ornithology.
The domesticated species of birds reared for eggs, meat, feathers, etc. includes chicken, ducks, turkey, quail, geese, guinea fowl, etc.
Feathers of wings used for flying but not visible when bird is at rest or wings are closed.
Young one of turkey is known as poult. Pure Lines
A line the individual members of which are genetically pure as a result of continued inbreeding for long time (10-12 generations and more) or with self-fertilisation as the same type as itself.
Random Samples Tests
An independent guide for testing performance of poultry birds under identical conditions by collecting eggs randomly from breeder flocks and testing the progeny.
A young chicken usually 3 to 5 months of age of either sex that is tender meated with soft, pliable, smooth textured skin with breast bone may be somewhat less flexible than broiler.
A resting place of fowl at a height usually wooden slats or GI pipes, 5 cm2, round at the top and flat at the bottom, placed horizontally at length-wise sides of house to satisfy bird’s natural instinct to sit at higher place. The perch space recommended per bird is 20-25 cm and perches should be placed at a distance of 35-40 cm apart.
Separation of males and females from group of individuals.
Chicks among which males and females have been separated. Straight Run Chicks
Chicks among which sexing is not carried out. Usually broiler chicks are straight run chicks.
Number of males designated as females during sexing due to faulty sexing.
A hen who have completed her production life. Usually 1st laying cycle is completed at 72 weeks in layers.
Large (quill) feathers of wing which are not used for flying but visible when wings are closed.
Terminology of Ducks
Web The flat skin between three front toes in all water fowls
Duck Specifically female
Drake Specifically male
Duckling – Young one of duck
Drakelet – A current season male duck.
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