Providing the flocks with some effective and proper nutrition is indeed a crucial factor that determines the success of a poultry business. In addition to this, a good management strategy is also useful for getting the most out of it. Moreover, the type of nutrition to be provided depends on the type of flock to be reared and raised. The chicken feed and nutrients which are required for bringing up the free range or the backyard chicken are quite different from the ones that are used for the commercially domesticated animals and birds. The backyard chickens and flocks are also able to acquire their diets from the environment in which they live in. Now here, some of the poultry producers might want to ask about the DIY method of preparing the food. It is recommended that you always go for the ready made diets which are supplied by some reliable poultry diet companies. The reason for which DIY is not quite conducive is all because of the amount of expertise and time that is required for doing the job with the maximum levels of perfection. Depending on the amount and type of birds you have, you would be advised on the type of feed you should make use. All of the nutrition and feeds which are used at the poultry farms consist of various components.
Nutritional Components and Their Role-What do Chicken eat
Almost all of the diets used in the poultry settings contain proteins, carbohydrates, various minerals, vitamins of all forms and fats, all of which play specific roles in the health of the birds and animals. As mentioned earlier, these feeds do vary for the commercial flocks and for those brought in the open environment. These backyard flocks are not brought up in an intensive manner and may also not involve using large amounts of nutrients. But the component which is required for both of them is the protein. Proteins play in a vital role in the process of egg making and in the meat of the animals. The same also applies to the use of calcium by these chickens, so that they might develop stronger bones and for making the shells around the eggs that are laid. These components are also important in facilitating the animals in combating the various diseases and virus attacks that might attack them at times. It is through the use of some vitamins, proteins and other nutrient components that the birds might come to form immunity against these recurring attacks.
Nutritional Requirements for Broiler and Layer- What to Feed Chickens
All forms of broilers and layers require proteins and other components of poultry nutrition and feeding which they use in carrying various survival and reproduction functions. In addition to the role of protein in egg production and shell formation for laying birds, it also ensures that all the resulting amino acids are supplied to the regions of the animal’s body where they are required. Furthermore broiler requires the use and consumption of proteins in terms of their overall growth and in the process of feathering. It is the reason for which the meats of the broiler which lack in proteins are not considered to be suited for the use by humans. Lack of proteins and amino acids has shown to cause a number of abnormalities in the physiological mechanisms of the birds and chickens.
Tips for Feed Selection and Storage
In selecting the livestock feed, you should ensure whether or not it is suited for the birds that you are keeping at the farm. Try to buy only those amounts of feed which you would easily be able to store at the premises of the farm. Furthermore you should also ensure that all possible arrangements are made, so that the feed might not get old. Now here the temperature at which the feed is kept is also important, as you would be required to keep the storage cool and dry for minimizing the chances of humidity. The high humidity levels (above 12% to 14% in feed) can lead to the formation of molds and for the growth of other microorganisms on the feed.
What not to feed to the Backyard Chicken How to Make Chicken feed
Just like some of the components can come to impart a good health and growth for the birds, there are also various other components that can generate the opposite reaction. You would need to make sure that the birds are not able to jump into the feeds and do not leave any sort of waste materials on it. The feeders should be cleaned and maintained on a daily basis, so that the animals might not come to consume the intoxicated foods. The fecal materials can also initiate the formation of a number of viruses and pathogens that can really pose some great harm to the health of the feeding chickens and birds. Moreover, if all the birds do not get an access to the feeders, this might also effectuate the health of these birds in a bad manner.
All of these poultry nutrition facts need to be followed in the way they have been indicated.