The poultry farm is one of the most crucial components of the livestock sector. On a daily basis, millions of day old chicks are feed on high diet proteins all over the country. Furthermore, there are a number of reasons for which the white meat is now being preferred over the red meat. In addition to being comparatively cheaper to the red meat, the consumption of this form of meat is also increasing, the prime reason for which can be based on health consciousness in the people. The broiler birds raised on these farms are sold to the whole sellers and retailers all over the country, who sale it on specified rates.
Growing Modes of Opportunity-The Growth Rationale
The poultry meat consumption in the country seems to be growing on a rapid pace of 4 % yearly according to the most recent agricultural statistics. But much needs to be done for the development of the sector, so that the people might be able to increase their daily protein consumption patterns which now seem to be much less than the required amounts.
So, when it comes to starting a poultry farm, you might need to get hold of a poultry guide. If not, thenit is best that you make use of this article. For undergoing a poultry shed construction with a capacity of 30,000 birds, you would be required to make use of a number of different strategies and mechanisms. For rearing these large numbers of birds, you would need to make an investment of around 10.5 million PKR including the cost of the machinery and the required pre-requisites.
All the specified calculations mentioned in this one of a kind feasibility study are based on the flock size of 30,000 birds. Control shed poultry farming in Pakistan can indeed be a profitable business for you if you are able to follow some set guidelines with a great deal of innovation. There are a large numbers of poultry farms in Pakistan that are now able to generate a great deal of revenue, all because of the use of advanced farming measures.
Current Dynamics and Poultry Structure
The importance of production and birth line in poultry farming is something you should keep in mind at the time of setting up a control shed in Pakistan. For those who have limited information in this regard, the famers first pursue the hatchers for getting hold on some day old chicks which they would be able to rear. These hatcheries get hold of the eggs from the breeder farms which in return charge them with a set amount. The feed mix mechanism used in poultry farming is determined the poultry feed mills, which also happen to be the key player in the sector. These feeds include a number of ingredients rich in protein and other necessary nutrients like blood meal, soya bean, grains and gluten. Now here, the feed cost accounts for the total production cost.
Contribution to the economy of Pakistan
The poultry sector is now on the second number, especially when it comes to the economy of the country. The investment which has been made in the sector has been estimated to be nearly 70 million PKR. The sector is made up of
- 280 hatcheries
- 139 feeding mills
- 20000 layers, breeding and other broiler farms
- Millions of chickens and chicks
On an annual basis, the poultry industry is importing more than 100,000 grandparents from countries like Holland, USA, China and Germany. These grandparents in return contribute towards the production 500 million commercial broilers. These broilers in return are providing 450,000 metric tons of the poultry meat. Now this shows the importance of the poultry meat in the provision of animal protein for the whole country. But there are a number of other factors that have undermined its growth. These factors include:
- Extreme changes in the weather
- Poor farming and management practices
- Rise in the mortality rate
- Economical downfall
- Lack of investment
- Various outbreaks that result from time to time
Commercial chicken houses and controlled sheds can provide the solution to this hazardous situation. The commercial poultry houses should also be due attention towards the wellbeing and health of the birds and other domesticated farms. All of the key players in poultry must work in collaboration with each other, so that the current dynamics and changes can be pacified and brought to be more balanced state. The heat stress is one of the most dangerous factors that have put the life of millions of people related to the sector at stake. As Pakistan is a tropical land, so the heat might reach to some intense temperatures in times of summer. The poultry business is effectuated negatively in times of the extreme weather whether summer or winter. With an increased in the mortality rate during these times, a number of other health related changes and exposures are also witnessed in the poultry broiler house.
A comparison between the levels of efficiency of environmentally controlled house (ECH) and the usual Open sided Houses and farms shows the former has an edge over all other modes of farming. It is due to the use of some advanced ventilation and heating systems, that the animals are better able to grow and evolve, leading to the enhancement of the production. Below are some of most appealing advantages of making use of prototype chicken broiler house.
- By making use of the ECH, the temperature can be maintained from 10 to 15C in comparison to the conventional farms.
- Managing the temperature fluctuations in a more effective way.
- Due to the rise in the temperatures the fluctuations might reduce the production of the broiler flocks which are nearly 4 to 5 in the conventional houses. On the other hand, 7 marketed flocks can be produced in making use of the ECH.
- Mortality rate is also 2 to 3 % lower in comparison to the COH.
- Usage of advanced feeding, drinking and ventilation systems has provided the solution to all the poor management practices.
- Consequently, a much more developed and a safer chicken poultry house.
- The production cost also tends to be around 35 PKR per kg in comparison to 40 PKR which is cost per kg in the conventional farms.
In the end it is recommended that you make use of a suitable land, developed electricity and water supply systems in order to get most out of your investment.
This is an abstract from smeda broiler farm pre feasibility study report for complete report